Rotavirus Genome Project


As the leading worldwide cause of severe pediatric diarrhea, rotavirus, a double-stranded, segmented RNA virus, annually causes ~600,000 deaths globally, as well as ~50,000 hospitalizations and 20-40 deaths in the US. Millions of rotavirus-caused outpatient visits contribute to an economic impact of an estimated $1 billion annually. Therefore effective rotavirus vaccination is high on the list of national and international health priorities. There is evidence that the rotavirus population is in constant flux with new G-types emerging from time to time.

The scarcity of complete genomic data in NCBI prevents a comprehensive study of rotavirus molecular evolution, and consequently little is known about spatial and temporal patterns of circulation, genesis of new serotypes (such as G9), extent of segment reassortment and genetic drift, and possible favorable genome "constellations". The rotavirus genome sequencing project aims to begin filling the void of sequencing data by sequencing a subset of viruses isolated from 769 rotavirus-positive children in the classic "Children's Hospital" cohort study, hospitalized with severe diarrhea during 1974 to 1991. The NIAID/JCVI Rotavirus Genomics Project seeks to provide valuable insights into rotavirus molecular epidemiology and evolution.

Investigators and Collaborators

Edwards, Kathy

Vanderbilt University

Gentsch, John


Halpin, Rebecca

J. Craig Venter Institute

Hoshino, Yasutaka, D.V.M.

NIAID/Laboratory of Infectious Diseases

Kirkwood, Carl

Royal Children's Hospital, Australia

Matthijnssens, Jelle

University of Leuven, Belgium

McAllen, John K.

J. Craig Venter Institute

McDonald, Sarah

NIAID/Laboratory of Infectious Diseases

Patton, John T., Ph.D.

NIAID/Laboratory of Infectious Diseases

Spiro, David

J. Craig Venter Institute

Van Ranst, Mark

University of Leuven, Belgium

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